CRR, SLR, Bank Rate, Repo Rate etc.
Rate at which RBI lends to commercial banks. This tool is used by central bank for short-term purposes. Increase in Bank Rate by RBI is indication to banks to increase lending and deposit rates.
Rate at which the RBI lends short-term money to the banks against securities. Increase in Repo rate leads to increase in lending rates of banks and vice-versa.
Reverse Repo rate
Rate at which banks RBI pays for the short-term deposits of banks. This is opposite of Repo Rate.
Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)
Banks to hold a certain percentage of their deposits in the form of cash/ deposit with RBI.
Statutory Liquidity Ratio
Bank to maintain at the close of business every day, certain minimum percentage of their Net Demand and Time Liabilities as liquid assets in the form of cash, gold and un-encumbered approved securities.
|Statutory basis||Sec. 42 (1) of RBI Act, 1934||Sec. 24 (2.a) of Banking Regulation Act, 1949|
|Minimum and maximum||At RBI’s Discretion||Minimum :RBI discretion Maximum :40%|
|Form in which maintained||Cash balance with RBI||Cash in hand, Gold/ investment in approved Govt. Securities / net Bank balance with scheduled commercial banks|
|Computation||Percentage of NDTL on fortnightly average basis.||Percentage of NDTL on daily basis on last Friday of 2nd preceding fortnight|
|Interest||No interest payable||As per class of securities in which investment is made|
|Penal interest for default
|3% p.a. above bank rate 5% p.a. above bank rate||3% p.a. above bank rate 5% p.a. above bank rate|
|Latest rate||Click here||Click here|